The UBE consists of three uniform tests:
The MBE (50%)
The MEE (30%)
The MPT (20%)
The MBE (Multistate Bar Exam) is a six-hour, two hundred multiple choice question test used as a component of the bar exam in every state except Louisiana. It has been a part of the New York Bar Exam for more than thirty years and it covers Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Federal Civil Procedure, Real Property, and Torts.
The MEE (Multistate Essay Exam) is a three-hour, six essay test that is used as a component of the bar exam in twenty-eight states. It covers the seven subjects covered on the MBE, as well as agency, partnership, corporations, limited liability companies, conflict of laws, family law, decedents’ estates (wills), trusts, future interests, and UCC Article 9. New York’s bar exam has included essays testing students’ knowledge on each of these subjects, though the essays were longer (forty or forty-five minutes as opposed to thirty minutes) and required an understanding of how New York law was different from generally accepted principles of law.
The MPT (Multistate Performance Test) is a ninety-minute exam that requires students to complete a legal assignment (most commonly, to write a letter, a brief, or a memorandum of law) based on a case file and relevant case law provided by the bar examiners. The MPT’s focus is on legal analysis, fact application, and problem-solving—the examiners want to see if the candidate can perform legal tasks. It is a component of the bar exam in thirty-eight states. New York’s bar exam has included the MPT since 2001. On the UBE, students are assigned two MPTs that they must complete in three hours.