Updated August 5, 2020. Originally published June 24, 2019.
The Empire State officially replaced the New York Bar Exam with the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) in 2016. As of this writing, New York is one of 35 jurisdictions that have adopted the UBE in place of state-specific examinations.
The UBE is held on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of February and July, although the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the schedule for 2020.
September 2020 UBE in New York Updates
The New York State Board of Law Examiners (BOLE) has canceled the bar exam it planned to administer September 9-10, 2020. The board now plans to administer the remote option offered by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE), October 5-6, 2020.
Of note, scores from the remote option apply for "local admission decisions only, and will not qualify as UBE scores."
If you registered for the September exam, you have two options:
- Take the remote exam (you'll be automatically registered).
- Withdraw from the remote exam through your BOLE account and receive credit for the application that can be used on a future bar exam in New York or to transfer a future score from another jurisdiction.
We'll keep this post updated as additional information comes in, but for now, you can familiarize yourself with the process of taking the bar exam in New York by reading on.
UBE in New York Logistics
Test Date: The Uniform Bar Exam is always held on the last Tuesday and Wednesday of February and July.
Test Locations: Albany, Buffalo, New York City, White Plains, and Saratoga Springs (July only)
Application Period: November 1-30 (February) | April 1-30 (July)
Application Fee: $250 for domestically-educated applicants | $750 for foreign-educated applicants
5 Must-Dos to Practice Law in New York, Besides Passing the Bar
Most of your attention will be centered on the almighty bar exam, especially as you near the test date. To actually practice law in New York, however, you’ll have to complete a few important prerequisites, in addition to earning a passing bar score.
Take care of these requirements prudently to avoid over-stressing about the bar exam itself.
1. Pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE).
The Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam, on a basic level, tests you on what is considered acceptable and appropriate behavior for an attorney. It seeks to answer the question: Are you ethically fit to practice law?
The MPRE isn’t a particularly difficult exam, when compared to the bar, but it is important.
- Purpose: to measure your knowledge and understanding of established standards related to the professional conduct of lawyers. Note: This is not a test to determine an individual’s personal ethical values.
- Structure: two-hour exam comprised of 60 multiple-choice questions
- When: three times each year—in March, August and November—and it should be taken prior to the UBE
- Scoring: In New York, you need at least 85 (out of 150 possible points) to pass.
Here is an example of a typical MPRE question:
Following a jury trial, a judge discharged the jury and thanked them for their service. Later that day, the judge bumped into several jurors who had congregated outside chambers. The judge complimented the jurors for their well-reasoned and just verdict. The jurors asked if the judge knew of any good places for dinner nearby, and the judge recommended several.
Did the conversation with jurors outside chambers comply with the judge's duties under the Model Code of Judicial Conduct?
A. Yes, because the judge did not discuss the merits of the case with the jurors outside chambers.
B. Yes, because a judge may thank jurors for their service.
C. No, because a judge may never communicate with jurors once a case has concluded.
D. No, because a judge may not commend or criticize jurors for their verdict. (Correct)
Consider registering for Pieper Bar Review’s FREE MPRE course to prepare for the exam (as a bonus, the course serves as a preview to Pieper’s Full Bar Review Course). And take practice questions—you can find them for free.
2. Complete the New York Law Course (NYLC).
The NYLC is an online, on-demand course that focuses on aspects of New York law that differ from material covered on the UBE. It works in conjunction with the New York Law Exam (see below) to prepare you for practicing law in New York.
- Purpose: The NYLC covers important principles unique to the state of New York, specifically regarding the following subjects: Administrative Law, Business Relationships, Civil Practice and Procedure, Conflict of Laws, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Matrimonial and Family Law, Professional Responsibility, Real Property, Torts and Tort Damages, and Trusts, Wills and Estates.
- Structure: Contains about 17 hours of video lectures, with questions embedded intermittently, which must be answered correctly to progress through the course.
- When: This is an on-demand course and can be taken at any time within one year of the date an applicant first sits for the bar exam.
- You can begin the NYLC here.
3. Pass the New York Law Exam (NYLE).
Once you complete the NYLC, you’re required to pass the NYLE. The online, open-book test (you can use your notes from the NYLC in addition to course materials supplied by the New York Board of Law Examiners) consists of 50 multiple-choice questions.
- Purpose: The NYLE tests the exact subjects covered throughout the NYLC, and is intended to determine whether or not an examinee has adequate knowledge and understanding of important principles in New York law.
- Structure: This is an open-book exam containing 50 multiple-choice questions to be answered within a two-hour time limit.
- When: Offered four times each year. Dates for the three remaining 2020 registration deadlines and subsequent exams are as follows:
|Registration Deadline||Exam Date|
|May 12, 2020 11:59 p.m.||June 11, 2020 12 p.m.
|August 25, 2020 11:59 p.m.||September 24, 2020 12 p.m.|
|November 17, 2020 11:59 p.m.||December 17, 2020 12 p.m.
- Scoring: A passing raw score on the NYLE is 30 correct questions out of 50. The NYLE can be taken repeatedly within three years of passing the UBE.
4. Complete 50 Hours of Pro Bono Service.
In January 2013, the New York State Board of Law Examiners enacted a new rule requiring all candidates seeking admission to the bar to prove that they have completed 50 hours of pro bono work.
5. Complete an Interview with the Committee on Character and Fitness.
Be positive, confident, honest, and trust yourself. And project professionalism.
Differences Between the New York Bar Exam & Uniform Bar Exam
If you’re currently enrolled in law school in New York, then the switch to the UBE is probably old news. However, if you are an ex-law student plotting a comeback, or perhaps failed the bar in New York prior to July 2016 and are looking to give it another try, this is for you:
|New York Bar Exam||Uniform Bar Exam|
|5 essays on New York law (40%)||6 essays on “Fundamental Principles of Law” (30%) (Multistate Essay Exam, or MEE)|
|50 multiple-choice questions on New York law (10%)|
|1 Multistate Performance Test (MPT) (10%)||2 MPTs (20%)|
|200 Questions on the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE) (40%)||200 questions on the Multistate Bar Exam (50%)|
The Multistate Essay Exam (MEE) covers the following topics: Agency, Conflict of Laws, Corporations, Family Law, Future Interests, Limited Liability Companies, Partnership, Trusts, Wills, UCC Article 9.
The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) assesses your legal problem-solving skills with two case studies (all relevant material is provided). You must complete both in a three-hour period, but how you allocate time is up to you. And that can be tricky.
Only 175 of the 200 questions on the Multistate Bar Exam are graded, although you won’t know which 25 aren’t. The test covers seven subjects over two days: Torts, Civil Procedure, Evidence, Constitutional Law, Real Property, Criminal Law & Procedure, and Contracts.
What Does Bar Exam Test Day in New York Look Like?
The Bar Exam is long—12 hours over two days.
So, prepare yourself physically in addition to mastering the material. Set your alarm for 6:30 a.m. for the two weeks leading up to the exam. (Yes, that means forgoing marathon study sessions that go deep into the night.) And mimic test settings as much as possible as you study—i.e. stay strict on time when completing practice MPTs.
Here’s a breakdown of each day of the UBE:
9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.: Multistate Performance Tests (MPTs)
First up in the morning session are the two MPTs. You can choose which you answer first and how much time you spend on them, though they’re designed to take about 90 minutes each.
12:30 p.m. - 2 p.m.: Break
2 p.m. - 5 p.m: Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)
You’ll have three hours to complete six essays. You can answer them in any order.
Wednesday is dedicated to the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), with the test evenly split over two three-hour sessions: 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. and 2 p.m. - 5 p.m.
When 5 o’clock hits, breathe, relax, and pat yourself on the back for getting through it.
What Score Do You Need to Pass the Bar in New York?
In New York, a passing score is 266 (out of a possible 400 points). There’s a predetermined marking formula for the MPT and MEE. Those scores are then combined with the MBE score to give you a total, weighted score.
The biggest advantage of the UBE, as opposed to state-specific exams, is the portability of your score. Even if you don’t achieve a passing score in the state where you take the UBE, you can transfer it to another jurisdiction with lower passing requirements.
For example, the passing score in Rhode Island is 276. If an examinee earns a 270 in Rhode Island, they could transfer that score to New York, but would then still need to complete the remaining tasks required to practice law in New York State.
Results are typically released via email around two months after you sit for the exam. In 2019, the February results were released on April 24, while the July results came out October 23.
What Should You Do if You Fail the Bar Exam?
The first step is to gain perspective. Plenty of people fail the bar, including several who went on to have wildly successful careers. Understand you’re not alone.
Then take some time for yourself. You dedicated countless hours to preparing for the UBE, and even though you didn’t pass, you deserve a break.
Decompress, then reassess your study plan:
- Analyze your results. Figure out which sections gave you the most trouble.
- Commit to taking the next exam.
- Map out a detailed calendar for the months leading into the exam.
- Enroll in a bar review course, or hire a bar exam tutor to focus your preparation.
Pieper Knows New York Law
John G. Pieper has passed the bar exam in 30 different jurisdictions, but he’s been lecturing on all things New York law specifically since 1972. Today, besides heading Pieper Bar Review, he is an adjunct professor at the following New York institutions: Brooklyn Law School, The Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University, the City University of New York, Fordham University School of Law, New York Law School, and Touro Law Center.
With the Pieper family's more than 40 years of experience, the most lecture hours of any bar review course, and more than 1,500 pages of outlines, Pieper’s Full Bar Review Course delivers all the substantive law you’ll need to pass the UBE, along with the strategies for mastering multiple-choice questions and maximizing your scores on the MBE, Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) and Multistate Performance Test (MPT). Register Today to begin your journey toward bar exam success!
Pieper Bar Review
For more than 40 years, Pieper Bar Review has taught students the legal concepts and skills necessary for success on the bar exam, and reinforced students’ knowledge through thought-provoking examples and bar exam questions. Proof the Pieper teaching method works is found within the success of our former students—now present-day attorneys. Learn more.