The UBE consists of three uniform tests:
The MBE (50%)
The MEE (30%)
The MPT (20%)
The MBE (Multistate Bar Exam) is a six-hour, two hundred multiple choice question test used as a component of the bar exam in every state except Louisiana. It tests candidates' knowledge of fundamental legal principles in only seven subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Federal Civil Procedure, Real Property, and Torts.
The MEE (Multistate Essay Exam) is a three-hour, six essay test that is used as a component of the bar exam in thirty-three states. It tests candidates' ability to communicate effectively in writing in the seven subjects covered on the MBE, as well as Agency, Partnership, Corporations, Limited Liability Companies, Conflict of Laws, Family Law, Decedents' Estates (Wills), Trusts, Future Interests, and UCC Article 9.
The MPT (Multistate Performance Test) is a ninety-minute exam that requires students to complete a legal assignment (most commonly, to write a letter, a brief, or a memorandum of law) based on a case file and relevant case law provided by the bar examiners. The MPT's focus is on legal analysis, fact application, and problem-solving—the examiners want to see if the candidate can perform legal tasks. It is a component of the bar exam in forty-one states.